The ‘Goldilocks Day’: the perfect day for kids’ bone health
Not too little, not too much – Goldilocks’ ‘just right’ approach can now assess children’s daily activities as new research from the University of South Australia confirms the best make up of a child’s day to maximise bone health and function in children.
World first study proves what kids need to optimise bone health
Examining 804 Australian children aged between 11 and 13 years old, the world-first study found that children need more moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, more sleep and less sedentary time to optimise bone health.
The study found the ideal balance of a child’s activities across a 24-hour period comprises:
• 1.5 hours of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (sports, running around)
• 3.4 hours of light physical activity (walking, doing chores)
• 8.2 hours of sedentary time (studying, sitting at school, reading)
• 10.9 hours of sleep.
Lead researcher, UniSA’s Dr Dot Dumuid say that the findings provide valuable insights for parents, caregivers and clinicians.
“Children’s activities throughout the whole 24-hour day are important for their bone health, but until now, we haven’t known the perfect combination of exercise, sleep and sedentary time,” Dr Dumuid says. “Higher levels of physical activity are known to be good for children’s bone health, yet we can’t just increase children’s exercise without impacting their other activities.
Research finds the ideal combination of activity, sedentry time and sleep
The study looked at the interrelating factors of physical activity (both light, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity), sedentary time and sleep, finding an ideal combination that delivers the best daily balance.
The ‘Goldilocks Day’ tells us the durations of physical activity, sleep and sitting that are ‘just right’ for children’s optimal bone health.
Up to 90 per cent of peak bone mass is achieved by age 18-20, which makes this especially important during childhood and adolescence.
Study highlights the importance of sleep
Dr Dumuid says the study also highlights the importance of sleep, especially for boys.
“We always talk about getting enough exercise to help build bones, but for children, it’s vital that they also get enough sleep. Curiously, the study also showed that sleep is more important for boys’ bone health than for girls, with boys needing an extra 2.4 hours of sleep a day. However, boys tended to be at earlier stages of pubertal development than girls, causing us to speculate that the need for longer sleep is related to rapidly changing hormonal processes rather than gender.”
By knowing the best balances and interrelations of sleep, exercise and rest, parents and caregivers can guide their child’s daily activities to put them in good stead for future bone health.
To read the full research study: